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Victoria-class Modernization (VCM)

Project Type

Project Extension


The Victoria-class Modernization (VCM) will provide modernized and increased capability which will maintain the Victoria-class submarines’ (VCS) operational relevance through the mid-2030s. VCM is considered a series of 17 individual projects implemented on a common platform to generate the necessary capability for Canada’s submarinesas detailed in Strong, Secure, Engaged: Canada’s Defence Policy. Overall, the modernization outcomes will make Canada and its allies stronger and safer by:


The Victoria-class Modernization (VCM) will procure and install the necessary platform and combat system capabilities to ensure the submarine remains operationally relevant through the mid-2030s. VCM will address critical capability gaps in Canada’s submarines fleet that currently exist or are expected to emerge over the remaining years of the VCS operational life. It will deliver modernized submarines through targeted investments, focussed on new capabilities and equipment upgrades and insertions.

Funding Range

$500 million to $1 billion

Anticipated Timeline (Fiscal Year)

Options Analysis Phase
Definition Phase
Implementation Phase
In Progress
Initial Delivery
Final Delivery

Defence Capability Areas

Defence Capability Investment Areas

Key Industrial Capabilities

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