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Defence Enhanced Surveillance from Space - Project (DESSP)
(NORAD modernization)

Project Type

Project Replace


DESSP will replace and improve upon the defence capabilities delivered by the GC RADARSAT Constellation Mission (RCM) and Polar Epsilon 1 and 2 projects.


DESSP will fulfill the Space-based Surveillance Requirements Document (SBS-RD) requirements to the maximum extent possible. It will include a space-based synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and an Automatic Identification System (AIS). Other payloads and capabilities may include detection of Common Maritime Transmissions, and other space-based surveillance payload capabilities. Key requirements include weather and light conditions independency, interoperability with allies, focus on low-latency, global access and defined areas of interest, arctic surveillance, and tactical ordering and reception.

Funding Range

$1 billion to $4.99 billion

Anticipated Timeline (Fiscal Year)

Options Analysis Phase
In Progress
Start Definition
Start Implementation
Initial Delivery
Beyond 2035
Final Delivery
Beyond 2035

Defence Capability Areas

Defence Capability Investment Areas

Key Industrial Capabilities

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